How we chose the world leaders for the quizzes

A country usually has several defined leaders whose powers may be executive, legislative, military, ceremonial, etc. The leaders chosen for the World Leaders quizzes were, for the most part, chosen based on the following guidelines:

It can get confusing, and it can get ambiguous. We've had to make decisions, and it may not always be the name and title of the person you're familiar with as the leader of a country.


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World's states colored by form of government as of 2011


   presidential republics.
   Republics with an executive president dependent on a parliament.
   Semi-presidential republics.
   Parliamentary republics.
   Parliamentary constitutional monarchies in which the monarch does not personally exercise power.
   Parliamentary constitutional monarchies in which the monarch personally exercises power (often alongside a weak parliament).
   Absolute monarchies.
   Single-party republics.
   Countries in which constitutional provisions for government have been suspended (e.g. Military dictatorships)
   Countries which do not fit any of the above systems.

Note that several states constitutionally deemed to be multiparty republics are broadly described by outsiders as authoritarian states. This chart aims to represent de jure form of government, not de facto degree of democracy.

The above map and its legend are from